The fundamental purpose of surgical technologist program is to equip students with the skills required to work as a member of the surgical team in clinics and hospitals along with registered surgeons and nurses in the operation theatre. Medical terminology, human anatomy and physiology, and the foundations of pharmacology, microbiology, and immunology are all covered in the program curriculum. Ethics and effective communication techniques are taught to students in order to improve teamwork in operating rooms. Students learn the fundamentals of surgical instruments, aseptic techniques, draping techniques, and also surgical site management.
The following are the activities of a surgical technologist during every surgery:
Preoperative (Sterile hands) – The surgical technologist is the very first person who enters the operating room (OR) before surgery. The surgical technologist closely follows and performs the following duties during this pre-operative stage:
- Carefully wear his/her scrubs and other operating room attire.
- Clean, sterilize, and maintain the sterile environment in the Operating Room (OR).
- Gathers all of the necessary surgical equipment and tools.
- Sterilizes, counts, and also carefully arranges all these surgical tools.
Intraoperative (The Third Hand) – Surgical technologists are still responsible for keeping the operating room sterile during the intraoperative stage of the procedure, but they also serve as the surgeon and surgeon’s assistant’s “third hand” and undertake the following duties:
- Assist in terms of medication preparation and patient administration.
- Help the patient in the retraction of tissues
- Passes the required surgical equipment or tools to the surgeon & surgical assistant during the operation.
Postoperative (Tying Things Up) – After the operation, these sorts of surgical techs are responsible for the following:
- Counting all tools and equipment used during surgery to make sure that there is nothing left inside the patient.
- Suture the incision and cover it with disinfected dressings.
- Carefully dispose of the items such as needles and gauze used during the operation. Until the patient is transferred to the recovery ward, keep the operating room’s sterile environment as well.